The Origins of Art Criticism

FROM DENIS DIDEROT TO THÉOPHILE GAUTIER The Origins of Art Criticism: 1750-1850 According to Théophile Gautier, writing in 1854, “In his immortal Salons, Diderot founded the criticism of painting.” Indeed Gautier modeled his method of discussing...

Schiller: Naive and Sentimental Poetry

Art and Nature Schiller’s “Naïve and Sentimental Poetry” On the Aesthetic Education of Man was written as a series of letters to the Duke of Augustenburg and was published in 1795 and 1801, and published just before “Naïve and Sentimental Poetry,” also written in...

Friedrich Schiller

SCHILLER AND ROMANTICISM Friedrich von Schiller (1759 – 1805) Schiller’s Letters on the Aesthetical Education of Man, were literally a series of letters written in 1793 to the Danish Prince, Friedrich Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Augustenborg. According to William...

Kant and Art for Art’s Sake

 CONSTRUCTING AN IDEA Art for Art’s Sake What was the purpose of art in the modern period? In the minds of late eighteenth century and early nineteenth century philosophers, the role of art could be nothing less that to create beauty. The beautiful, for Emmanuel...

Kant and Aesthetic Theory

KANT AND AESTHETICS While Kant was writing the Critique of Judgment, 1790, the answer of the role of the artist in society was increasingly unclear, and the social and cultural situation was increasingly unstable.  The artist was looking at an abyss, gazing into the...

Kant and Aesthetics

Kant and Aesthetics The Creation of Artistic Freedom and Art-for-Art’s Sake France became the titular home of the Enlightenment because of the necessity of opposing the decadence of the ancien régime, but it must be recalled that there were numerous important...

Kant and Reason

KANT AND CRITICAL REASON The eighteenth century British philosopher, David Hume, suggested that we believe that there is a connection between cause and effect. For example. fire causes flame and results in an effect of smoke.  Were it not for this belief system, we...

The Definition of the Avant-Garde

FINDING THE AVANT-GARDE Theory of the Avant-Garde In his book, The Theory of the Avant-Garde (1984), Peter Bürger stressed the historical basis of the avant-garde.  The rise of the avant-garde was directly linked to the rise of the middle class and its allegiance to...

French Romanticism and the Avant-Garde

THE ORIGINS OF THE AVANT-GARDE  Art and the Avant-Garde The term “avant-garde” is a military one, borrowed from the French phrase, denoting the advance body of the army.  This small group of soldiers goes out in advance of the main group to scout the...
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If you have found this material useful, please give credit to Dr. Jeanne S. M. Willette and Art History Unstuffed.
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