NAMING LANDSCAPES IN ENGLAND
“Nature” in England acquired a new identity after the Napoléonic Wars. In response to the completion of the Enclosure Movement and the spread of private ownership of vast expanses of land, an economic response to profit opportunities was interpreted through several new aesthetic theories that are uniquely English. Landscapes were divided into categories: the Sublime and the Beautiful and the Picturesque. Linked to English literature—novels and poetry—the “picturesque” is a very English form of landscape which inspired many important theoretical writings that defined the nostalgic elegiac English countryside.