Kant and Art for Art’s Sake

 CONSTRUCTING AN IDEA Art for Art’s Sake What was the purpose of art in the modern period? In the minds of late eighteenth century and early nineteenth century philosophers, the role of art could be nothing less that to create beauty. The beautiful, for Emmanuel...

Kant and Aesthetic Theory

KANT AND AESTHETICS Critique of Judgment (1790) While Kant was writing the Critique of Judgment in 1790, the answer of the role of the artist in society was increasingly unclear, and the social and cultural situation was increasingly unstable.  The artist was looking...

Kant and Aesthetics

Kant and Aesthetics The Creation of Artistic Freedom and Art-for-Art’s Sake France became the titular home of the Enlightenment because of the necessity of opposing the decadence of the ancien régime, but it must be recalled that there were numerous important...

Kant and Reason

KANT AND CRITICAL REASON The eighteenth century British philosopher, David Hume, suggested that we believe that there is a connection between cause and effect. For example. fire causes flame and results in an effect of smoke.  Were it not for this belief system, we...

The Definition of the Avant-Garde

FINDING THE AVANT-GARDE Theory of the Avant-Garde In his book, The Theory of the Avant-Garde (1984), Peter Bürger stressed the historical basis of the avant-garde.  The rise of the avant-garde was directly linked to the rise of the middle class and its allegiance to...

French Romanticism and the Avant-Garde

THE ORIGINS OF THE AVANT-GARDE  ROMANTICISM Art and the Avant-Garde The term “avant-garde” is a military one, borrowed from the French phrase, denoting the advance body of the army.  This small group of soldiers goes out in advance of the main group to...

The French Academy: Painting

PAINTING IN THE ACADEMY The Role of History Painting The roots of academic art in France were long and deep and were integral to the tradition of painting in the École des Beaux-Arts, as well in as the provincial academies. In fact, within the art circles in France,...

The French Academy: Sculpture

SCULPTURE FOR THE PUBLIC Training and Execution of Sculptors The most prestigious place to study, work, live and exhibit art was Paris, whether one was French or not. Nowhere was the system of education and training more rigorous. For the artists outside of Paris,...

The French Academy

THE ACADEMY IN FRANCE The seventeenth century was the century in which the modern idea of “nation” or of a modern “state” came into being, based upon the idea of absolute rule. The territory under the absolute despot might be disparate and...

If you have found this material useful, please give credit to Dr. Jeanne S. M. Willette and Art History Unstuffed.
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